Thanks to the increased frequency of extreme weather events and aging grid infrastructure, electrical blackouts are occurring more often than ever.
When a power outage strikes your home, it can cause all sorts of issues, including rotten food, frozen pipes, exposure to extreme heat and cold, and other dangerous conditions for your family.
Investing in a home backup generator is the best way to keep everyone safe — especially if the outage lasts more than a few hours.
There are numerous types of generators available. Many operate using internal combustion engines and run on fossil fuels like gas, diesel, and propane.
Wind and solar are increasingly popular renewable energy generators. Residential solar is more practical for most homes.
With all the different fuel and manufacturer options, how do you know what type to choose?
And what size generator do you need to run a 2,000 ft2 house?
Let’s dive deeper into exactly how to size and choose a backup generator for your home.
Why Is Sizing Your Generator So Important?
When people talk about generator “size,” they’re generally referring to how much AC electricity it can output and how much storage capacity it offers.
Dimensions and weight are important considerations. But probably not as essential as understanding how many home appliances, personal devices, and systems like HVAC a generator can run simultaneously…
And for how long?
If you buy a generator that’s too “big” to meet your needs, you risk overspending — and with fossil fuel generators, wasting expensive fuel.
Even worse is to invest in a whole home generator only to find out it doesn’t meet your family’s needs.
Should You Size Up or Down?
Sizing a generator is a balancing act.
You may be wondering whether you should size up or down when purchasing a home backup generator.
Both options have their pros and cons.
Choosing a generator with more AC output and storage capacity than you need is the safe option — if you can afford it.
Buying a generator that exceeds your current electricity consumption needs allows you to add more appliances and devices to the system in the future.
However, bigger generators are more expensive and may require more maintenance. With fossil fuel generators, a larger capacity may restrict where you can install and operate the machine. Plus, high-wattage gas and diesel generators consume more fuel than smaller ones — even when the attached loads are light.
Some of the most significant drawbacks of gas and diesel generators are the noise they make when operating and the toxic fumes and greenhouse gas emissions they produce.
The byproducts of fossil fuel generators can be deadly for your family if not used correctly and highly detrimental to the environment, no matter where they’re installed.
Solar generators, on the other hand, are virtually silent and emit no gases or fumes.
Sizing down can be a cost-effective option that relies on your family consuming less electricity during a power outage.
Smaller generators are more portable and easier to operate and maintain. But many small generators may be unable to power high-wattage appliances — or at least not many at once.
This may not matter to you during a brief power outage (you can probably wait to do your laundry). But refrigerators and HVAC systems require high-wattage AC output, too, and are much harder to live without for extended periods.
If you’re unsure whether to size up or down, try purchasing a generator with AC power output and storage capacity slightly higher than your needs.
An additional 10-20% operating capacity gives you a buffer zone in case your consumption estimates differ from real-world scenarios. More power also allows you to add more appliances later on.
Determining What Size Generator Is Needed To Run a 2,000 Sq Ft House
Numerous factors determine what size generator you need to run a 2,000 ft2 (185 m2) home. First and foremost, the type of generator (gas, propane, or solar) will play a significant role in how big it needs to be. You’ll also need to consider your anticipated energy consumption, wattage requirements, and noise level tolerance.
Choose a Generator That Fits Your Needs
There are countless generator types and brands on the market — each with specific pros, cons, and ideal use cases.
Many people are swapping out their noisy and wasteful gas generators for sustainable alternatives like solar, but fossil-fuel generators may still be useful in some situations.
Gas generators are a popular choice due to their wide availability and various size options. They are fueled by gasoline easily sourced at any gas station. These generators range from small job-site generators to full home backup systems.
Gas generators are best suited for those who only need very occasional backup power. Gas can become very expensive, especially if you are using it as a primary source of electricity.
Gasoline generators are inherently dangerous. Gas is highly flammable, produces toxic emissions, and pollutes the environment. Due to carbon monoxide and other harmful emissions and loud operating noise, gas generators cannot be operated indoors. They must be installed at least 20 ft from the house, and many communities may have restrictions on when (or if) they can operate.
Additionally, gasoline actually “spoils” after 3-6 months of storage. Due to safety concerns, there are typically restrictions on how much gas you can legally store on your property.
Propane generators are less common than gasoline models. They operate using liquid propane (LPG), a cleaner-burning alternative to gasoline. Propane tanks are readily available and safer to store, with a longer shelf-life than cans of gas.
In general, propane generators run quieter and have a longer lifespan when compared to gas-powered models. They tend to be more expensive and lower-powered than gas generators, so they don’t enjoy quite the same popularity.
Solar generators operate in an entirely manner from gas and propane generators. Rather than use fossil fuels, solar generators use PV panels and a balance of system to convert sunlight into electricity. The power is stored in a solar battery for later or ongoing use.
Aside from wind and hydropower solutions — which are typically too large-scale for residential use — solar is the only type of generator that utilizes a clean, renewable, environmentally-friendly resource: the sun!
After the initial investment, there is no cost to operate a solar generator. You will never have to worry about sourcing and paying for fuel. And with no internal combustion engine, maintenance frequency, and costs are much lower. Best of all: solar generators are nearly silent and produce no toxic emissions.
Solar generators are ideal for home backup, but they can also save a significant sum of money on electricity bills over time. Once your solar payback period is complete, any money you save on paying the utility company is money earned!
Depending on your use case, there’s an EcoFlow portable power station that will serve you well. Whether you want to power essential home appliances during a blackout with a DELTA 2 or operate part or all of your home with solar on an ongoing basis, you just need to select a solution with sufficient AC output and storage capacity to meet your family’s needs.
You can even combine the benefits of solar and fossil fuel generators by integrating a DELTA Pro portable power station and solar panels with the EcoFlow Dual Fuel Smart Generator. Despite being powered by fossil fuels, it is significantly quieter than traditional gas generators — especially when operated using propane.
Seamlessly combining the Smart Generator with a compatible DELTA series solar generator gives you even more energy security with multiple fuel and renewable power options.
Calculating Your Household Electricity Consumption
The average American household consumes 886 kWh of electricity per month, or around 30 kWh daily. If you plan to power your entire home with a generator, you need a model that can produce at least 30 kWh daily.
Obviously, it could be more or less than 30kWh, depending on the size of your home and your family’s unique electricity consumption needs.
If you just want to keep the essentials running during a power outage, then your electricity consumption can be much lower.
To calculate your estimated energy consumption, follow these simple steps:
- Identify the wattage requirements of your appliances. Survey the starting and running wattage requirements of the appliances and devices you plan to plug into the generator. You can usually find the wattage requirements labeled on the appliance, but we’ve also compiled the starting and running watts of typical household appliances in a table below.
- Convert volts/amps to watts. If your appliance’s power requirements are in volts or amps, you can calculate an appliance’s running watts with this equation:
Volts (V) x Amps (A) = Watts (W)
- Count the running watts of your appliances. Add up the running watts of the appliances you plan to use — does the total exceed the running watts listed on your generator? If so, consider buying a generator with more output capacity.
- Factor in starting watt requirements. Identify the appliance with the highest starting wattage. Add that appliance’s starting wattage to the running wattage total.
- Calculate the sum. That final number is the total starting watts you need from your generator. As discussed above, to avoid overloading your generator, do not exceed its starting watts rating.
Gas generators can produce energy for an unlimited amount of time as long as you have gasoline or propane on hand to refill them. For solar generators, the rate of power generation depends on the size of the attached solar array. The EcoFlow Whole Home Generator can accommodate up to eight 400W solar panels — an array of this size can produce around 12.8 kWh per day, which is more than enough to supply essential backup power to a 2,000 ft2 home.
Do you need to power a whole house every day? Or will you be using your generator for emergencies only?
Even if you have the battery capacity or fuel to supply power to your home, the generator must have high-enough starting and running wattage AC output to accommodate the loads it will receive.
Many people aren’t aware that high-wattage appliances require significantly more AC output to start than they need to operate. Appliances like refrigerators, washer/dryers, and HVAC systems are prime examples.
Keep in mind, gas generators can usually offer only a few hundred watts more of starting power in a short burst to turn on appliances. The extra electricity required to get a device up and running is referred to as starting watts or surge power. The wattage necessary to keep a device operating once it’s turned on is called the running watts — and this is the number that appears on manufacturer’s product labels.
Many people are unaware of the difference between starting watts and running watts. That’s understandable. When you plug a high-wattage appliance into an AC wall outlet in your home, it’s more than capable of delivering sufficient starting and running watts.
However, this is not the case with generators — especially those powered by fossil fuels.
Thanks to proprietary X-Boost technology, EcoFlow’s portable power stations and solar generators can produce up to double their operating AC output.
For instance, the DELTA 2 Max has an operating AC output of 2,400 running watts but can deliver a surge of 4,800 running watts to power up high-wattage appliances. It can also operate up to 3400W of appliances simultaneously by intelligently minimizing the power requirements of appliances while they’re running. Many appliances do not require their full-rated running wattage to continue operating.
Understanding the difference between starting and running watts is crucial when determining which generator will meet your energy consumption needs.
To help you estimate your wattage requirements, here are various household appliances’ average starting and running watts. Remember, these numbers will differ between manufacturers and models. Always check the product label, manual, or manufacturers website for the exact starting and running watts required by your appliances:
|Appliance||Rated (Running) Watts||Starting Watts|
|20” Box Fan||200||350|
Gas generators are notoriously noisy. RV parks have limits on the hours you can operate a gas generator, and some campgrounds have outright bans.
Your locality or community associations may also restrict the usage of gas generators to certain hours — or forbid them altogether.
The average gas generator produces 80-100 decibels (dB) of noise — comparable to the “inside of an airplane or an approaching subway train.”
If noise level is a concern, solar generators are the clear choice. They are practically silent — some models might exhibit a quiet hum, which is just the inverter converting the DC power produced by your solar panels into AC power for your devices. Operating noise from an EcoFlow solar generator or portable power station should never exceed 50 dB.
Indoor vs. Outdoor
Do you need to run the generator indoors, or is outdoor operation okay? Solar generators are the only type that is safe to operate indoors. Propane and gas generators both use liquid fuel, which is flammable. They also produce deadly emissions when they run, making outdoor installation a necessity.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Many Watts Does It Take to Power a 2000 Square Foot House?
The average family with a 2,000 ft2 home may require up to 30,000 watts hours (30kWh) to power all of their devices, appliances, laundry, air conditioning, and heating units for a day. Around 5000 watts of AC output should simultaneously power the essential appliances in a 2,000 ft2 house.
How Much Is a Generator for a 2000 Sq Ft House?
The EcoFlow DELTA 2 Solar Generator currently retails for USD $1,299 with a 220W Bifacial Portable Solar Panel included and has 1024Wh of storage capacity and 1800W of AC output (Surge 200W). It can be used for essential backup power for a 2000 ft2 house. The top-of-the-line DELTA Pro Solar Generator has over double the power output (3.6 kW running watts/7.2 kW starting watts). It’s available in various configurations, as it offers 1600W of solar input (up to 4 x 400W solar panels). The retail price of the DELTA Pro Solar Generator with one 400W portable solar panel is currently just over USD $3,599. The DELTA Pro is expandable up to 7200W of AC output (14,400W surge power with X-Boost) and 25kWh of storage. It is the heart of EcoFlow’s whole home generator solution.
Having the right generator on hand can give you and your family peace of mind and energy security during your next power outage.
As long as you plan ahead and purchase the right size generator, you’ll be able to keep your essential appliances and devices powered up during the next blackout.
EcoFlow offers a complete line of solar generators to fit any need. The Whole Home Generator system can keep an entire house running during a power outage. At the same time, their smaller solar generators are perfect for short blackouts, RVs, job sites, and even backpacking! Check out EcoFlow’s solar generators today.