The Complete Guide to Solar-Powered Greenhouses

By harnessing the sun’s power, solar-powered greenhouses provide sustainable growth conditions for plants regardless of external climate conditions. Learn how solar greenhouses operate, their benefits, and how different types work. 

Whether you’re a gardening enthusiast, a professional farmer, or someone interested in sustainable technologies, this guide aims to enlighten and inspire you toward a greener future.

What Is a Solar-Powered Greenhouse?

A solar-powered greenhouse is a structure that uses the sun’s energy to heat up and provide light and energy for plants and crops. 

There are different types of solar greenhouses, and each comes with its own strengths and weaknesses. Solar-powered greenhouses can utilize renewable solar energy to provide the greenhouse with power and maintain a comfortable environment for plant growth. 

Even if the weather outside the greenhouse is less than ideal for plant growth, a solar greenhouse’s controlled internal environment can be tailored explicitly for successful growth.

How Do Solar-Powered Greenhouses Work?

Solar greenhouses should be south-facing for best results; this area is designed to maximize sunlight retention and optimize energy generation. The north end will be well-insulated to prevent heat loss, while the longest axis of the greenhouse stretches from east to west.

You’ll also notice that most solar greenhouses are made of glass to ensure complete absorption of sunlight. Natural ventilation features help maintain the temperature, keeping things cooler in the summer and minimizing heat loss in the winter.

Greenhouse solar panels work like regular panels, capturing sunlight and converting it into usable energy. If your greenhouse incorporates solar panels, you can use the electricity they produce to power a wide range of devices to keep your plants happy all year round. 

The Benefits of Using Solar Energy to Power Your Greenhouse

A solar-powered greenhouse offers numerous benefits for growing plants and crops. From saving you money and improving plant results to doing good for the environment, here are several benefits you’ll gain if you rely on the sun’s power to keep your greenhouse running.

Reduced Energy Cost

The initial cost of installing a solar-powered energy system for your greenhouse can be significant, but the long-term savings it provides can’t be ignored. Using renewable energy sources to power your greenhouse can significantly reduce your monthly energy costs.

Improved Yield

With reliable and renewable energy from the sun, your plants and crops can take advantage of the light and warmth to produce higher yields. Even during colder months when crops outside the greenhouse can’t survive, your solar-powered greenhouse can maintain thriving plants.


The energy that comes from the sun is clean, renewable, and sustainable. Traditional energy sources emit pollutants and harmful greenhouse gases, but not solar. By choosing solar as your greenhouse energy source, you’ll help the environment by utilizing natural resources instead of traditional energy sources like oil.

Low Maintenance

Once you’ve installed a solar-powered system in your greenhouse, you won’t need to worry about it beyond a bit of annual cleaning and inspection by a professional. Your installed panels require little maintenance and don’t need frequent repairs or replacements.

Energy Independence

With a system that runs on the sun’s power, if you’ve paired it with a solar battery, you won’t have to rely on an energy provider or worry about blackouts. Your greenhouse will be fully self-sufficient and independent of any other energy sources, so there’s no concern about dealing with rising energy prices or what to do in the case of a blackout. 

With solar-powered energy systems that incorporate a solar battery, you can store any excess energy your system generates but doesn’t use, giving you a source of energy to draw from in cases like a blackout. There will be no worry about how to keep your crops happy because you’ll always have power for things like your heaters, lights, and vents. 

Government Incentives

For those who want to switch to solar energy, governments worldwide are offering some attractive incentives. Depending on your location, you may qualify for subsidies or tax credits to help reduce installation costs and make transitioning to renewable energy more affordable. 

In the U.S., you may be eligible for a 30% tax credit. Other benefits may include net metering programs developed by your state or local municipality and more. Make sure to look into what incentives you might be eligible for in your area! 


Solar-powered greenhouses are an excellent option for anyone looking to customize their gardening experience. You can easily scale up or down your renewable energy system, depending on the size of your greenhouse and how much power you need. Your panel installations can be designed to fit the exact needs of your greenhouse to maximize sustainability.


Solar energy can power various applications, from heating and cooling systems to lights and even machinery. In your greenhouse, you can use the energy you generate to run fans for ventilation, pumps for water circulation, or any other equipment necessary for optimal plant growth.

How Is Solar Energy Used in Greenhouses?

There are several ways to harness the sun’s energy needed to power your greenhouse, but three methods are the most widely used: passive solar greenhouses, panels, and generators. 

Each requires different equipment, comes with different costs, and creates different energy outputs. Learn how each method works and discover the pros and cons of each so you can determine the best method for your greenhouse and goals.

Passive Solar Greenhouses

A passive solar greenhouse uses the natural energy from the sun to heat a structure or space. The sunlight enters through large windows on the structure’s south side and is then absorbed by materials like concrete, water, or stone that store and slowly release the heat throughout the day. 

This method helps maintain consistent crop temperatures without relying on additional energy sources. It also requires fewer mechanical systems and relies on natural energy, meaning the ongoing costs to keep it operating are often lower than a traditional greenhouse. However, since it’s passive (vs. active), it’s more climate-dependent than other options and requires a location and design with high sun exposure.


  • Energy-efficient
  • Eco-friendly 


  • Dependent on climate
  • Design constraints

Solar Panels for Greenhouses

Solar panels are commonly used as a solar energy source for greenhouses, especially among sustainably-minded people. Made of photovoltaic cells, solar panels and systems can be installed to convert sunlight into usable electricity. 

Solar panels can create energy to power electrical systems that provide your plants with an ideal environment to thrive. 

You can use solar panels to capture and use the sun’s powerful energy all year. In the summer, you can use it to ventilate excess heat; in the winter, your solar panel system can provide additional heat for plant health.

Depending on the structure of your greenhouse, you can choose between flexible or rigid panels. Flexible panels, like EcoFlow’s 100W Flexible Solar Panels, help maximize surface area on irregular or curved surfaces, while rigid panels, such as our 400W Rigid Solar Panel, are best for permanent installations. A combination of both may help you to maximize electricity generation while taking advantage of as much space as possible.


  • Renewable energy source
  • Reduced monthly costs
  • Versatile enough to use elsewhere as needed


  • Higher upfront investment
  • Dependent on direction and sun exposure

Solar Generators for Greenhouses

A solar generator combines solar panel technology and battery storage to power appliances, which can include things like lights and other equipment. Used in greenhouses, this combination of reliable energy production and storage makes it easy to maintain the perfect temperature, light levels, and humidity needed for plants.

A solar generator can help power multiple appliances at once, including greenhouse lights, water pumps, heating systems, and more.

For a high-capacity need such as a greenhouse, you can rely on EcoFlow’s solar panels paired with a portable power station from the EcoFlow DELTA Series


  • Can power a variety of devices
  • Gives you energy independence


  • Limited power depending on the generator
  • Can take several hours to recharge, especially in cloudy conditions

Choosing the Right Option for You

The type of solar greenhouse you choose will depend on your budget, greenhouse size, location, and unique needs. A passive solar greenhouse could work best if you live somewhere with lots of sunlight and a mild winter, while a solar panel greenhouse is a good choice if you have several devices you need to power in your greenhouse and don’t mind an upfront investment. If you want a power source even when the sun isn’t shining, a solar generator might be what you’re looking for.

How Much Solar Power Does a Greenhouse Need?

To understand how much power a greenhouse will need, you need to determine what operations you’ll need solar power for, how many watts of energy each process requires, and how many hours you need for each function.

Once you know how much energy is required by each operation you need to power, then combine them to determine the energy usage your greenhouse will need. Don’t forget to include things like lighting, heating, and watering!

The amount of electricity your greenhouse might need may vary depending on the size of your greenhouse, the location of the greenhouse and its weather, and other features you may have, like wall insulation, vents, or energy screens.

Once you know how much solar power your greenhouse requires, you’ll want to consider the number of solar panels it needs. The number of panels you’ll require to meet your greenhouse’s energy needs will depend on a few things, including the rated power of the solar panels, their efficiency rating, and how the temperature of your greenhouse environment may impact this efficiency.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Many Solar Panels Does It Take to Run a Greenhouse?

The number of solar panels you’ll need to run your solar greenhouse can vary drastically, depending on how large your greenhouse is, your electricity requirements, the rated power and efficiency rating of your solar panels, and more.

What Is the Disadvantage of a Solar Greenhouse?

The main disadvantage of a solar greenhouse is the upfront cost. Depending on the type and size of your solar greenhouse, you could end up investing a significant amount of money into solar panels and a solar battery. However, once installed, solar greenhouses are low-cost and low-maintenance.

Is a Solar Greenhouse Worth It?

Solar greenhouses are worthwhile. Solar greenhouses offer several benefits, from reducing energy costs and improving crop yields to being eco-friendly and requiring little maintenance. A solar greenhouse is worth considering if you’re looking for an energy-efficient way to grow your plants and crops successfully in any weather.

Final Thoughts

Solar greenhouses are a great way to use renewable energy sources and reduce your environmental footprint. They offer various benefits, from energy independence and low maintenance requirements to improved yield and scalability. With the proper setup, you can enjoy energy-efficient growing customized to your needs with little hassle or ongoing cost. 

If you’re looking for the next step to turn your solar greenhouse dreams into a reality, check out our selection at EcoFlow!

EcoFlow is a portable power and renewable energy solutions company. Since its founding in 2017, EcoFlow has provided peace-of-mind power to customers in over 85 markets through its DELTA and RIVER product lines of portable power stations and eco-friendly accessories.


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