Guide to LiFePO4 Voltage Chart


Welcome to EcoFlow’s comprehensive guide to LiFePO4 batteries and their voltage characteristics. 

In this guide, we’ll explore the nuances of LiFePO4 battery voltage, providing you with the essential knowledge to understand and optimize the performance of these safe and reliable energy storage devices. 

From charging and discharging to performance impacts and capacity checks, we delve into the specifics that make LiFePO4 batteries the preferred choice for many applications. 

Whether you’re a seasoned tech enthusiast or new to the world of advanced battery technology, this guide offers valuable insights to enhance your understanding of LiFePO4 batteries.

What Is LiFePO4 Battery Voltage?

LiFePO4 battery voltage refers to the electrical potential difference within Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries, a type of lithium-ion battery. 

Renowned for stability, safety, and long cycle life, LiFePO4 batteries offer a nominal voltage of 3.2 volts per cell. 

This differs from traditional lithium-ion batteries, which typically have a nominal value of around 3.6 to 3.7 volts per cell. 

The lower voltage range of LiFePO4 batteries, combined with their stable chemistry, makes them ideal for applications requiring long-term reliability and safety, such as renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, and portable power solutions.

LiFePO4 Voltage Chart

The LiFePO4 Voltage Chart is a crucial tool for understanding the charge levels and health of Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries. 

This chart illustrates the voltage range from fully charged to completely discharged states, helping users identify the current state of charge of their batteries. 

It serves as a quick reference to gauge performance, ensuring optimal usage and extending the lifespan of these energy-efficient and stable electricity storage solutions. 

This chart is an essential reference for use with EcoFlow’s range of LiFePO4-powered products, like the lightweight EcoFlow RIVER 2 Series or the high-capacity EcoFlow DELTA Series.  

State of Charge12V24V48V
100% Charging14.6V29.2V58.4V
100% Rest13.6V27.2V54.4V
80%13.3V26.6V 53.2V

LiFePO4 Battery Charging & Discharging

Understanding LiFePO4 battery charging and discharging (referred to as cycles) is essential for maintaining their longevity and efficiency. 

All batteries require specific charging patterns to maximize their lifespan. With LFP battery cycles, a steady charge up to their total capacity and a controlled discharge that avoids completely draining them is optimal. 

Proper management of battery cycles ensures that the battery performs optimally over time, providing reliable power while preserving its health and functionality.

State of ChargeVoltage (V)

LiFePO4 Battery Charging Parameters

LiFePO4 battery charging parameters are crucial for optimal performance. These batteries thrive under specific charging conditions, including controlled voltage and current levels. Adhering to these parameters ensures efficient energy storage, prevents overcharging, and extends the battery’s lifespan. Understanding and applying the correct charging parameters is key to maintaining the health and efficiency of LiFePO4 batteries, making them a reliable choice for various applications.

Charging Voltage14.2-14.6V28.4V-29.2V56.8V-58.4V
Float Voltage13.6V27.2V54.4V
Maximum Voltage14.6V29.2V58.4V
Minimum Voltage10V20V40V
Nominal Voltage12V/12.8V24V/25.6V48V/51.2V

LiFePO4 Bulk, Float, And Equalize Voltages

LiFePO4 batteries have distinct voltage stages for bulk, float, and equalization. The bulk stage rapidly charges the battery at a constant current until a set voltage. Float voltage maintains charge, extending life and efficiency. Equalization, less common in LiFePO4, balances cells, ensuring uniform charge. Understanding these stages is vital for maximizing battery performance and longevity, making them ideal for demanding power applications.

Equalize 14.6V29.2V58.4V

How Does Voltage Affect LiFePO4 Battery Performance?

Voltage plays a crucial role in the performance of LiFePO4 batteries. Each aspect of battery function, from capacity to lifespan, is influenced by voltage levels. 

Understanding these impacts ensures optimal use and maintenance of these batteries.


Voltage directly influences a LiFePO4 battery’s capacity. Higher potentials often equate to more stored energy, enhancing the battery’s ability to power devices for longer durations. However, exceeding recommended voltage can diminish capacity over time.


The charging process of LiFePO4 batteries is voltage-sensitive. Charging at correct levels ensures efficiency and safety, whereas inappropriate voltage can lead to undercharging or overheating, affecting battery health.


During discharge, stable voltage levels ensure consistent power delivery. Fluctuations can lead to performance inconsistencies, affecting device operation.


Efficiency in energy conversion within LiFePO4 batteries is closely linked to voltage. Optimal voltage levels contribute to minimal energy loss during charge-discharge cycles.


Maintaining appropriate voltage levels is vital to prolonging a LiFePO4 battery’s lifespan. Overvoltage can accelerate degradation, while undervoltage can lead to incomplete chemical reactions, shortening the battery’s usable life.

How to Check LiFePO4 Battery Capacity

Checking the capacity of LiFePO4 batteries is essential for ensuring their optimal performance and longevity. There are several methods to assess the battery capacity accurately. Here’s how you can do it:

Using a Multimeter

A multimeter is a handy tool for checking the voltage of a LiFePO4 battery, which indirectly indicates its capacity. To use it, set the multimeter to measure voltage and connect its leads to the battery terminals. A reading close to the battery’s nominal voltage suggests good capacity, while significantly lower readings may indicate a discharged or deteriorating battery.

Using a Battery Monitor

Battery monitors provide a more comprehensive insight into the battery’s capacity. They track various parameters like voltage, current, and total energy discharged to calculate the remaining battery capacity. Some advanced models can even estimate the battery’s health and predict its lifespan based on usage patterns.

Using a Solar Charge Controller

For systems integrated with solar panels, a solar charge controller with a built-in battery monitor can be used. These controllers not only regulate the charging process but also display the battery voltage and charge state. This method is beneficial for off-grid solar systems, where battery health directly impacts the system’s reliability.

App Monitoring and Control

Innovative LifePO4 battery backup and solar generator solutions like EcoFlow’s DELTA Pro allow remote monitoring and control from anywhere with an internet connection.

With the EcoFlow smartphone app, you can monitor voltage, optimize performance, turn the unit on or off — and more. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Optimum Voltage for LiFePO4?

The optimum voltage for a LiFePO4 (Lithium Iron Phosphate) battery typically ranges between 13.2V and 13.6V for most applications. This potential range ensures efficient operation while maximizing the battery’s lifespan and maintaining its capacity. Staying within this voltage spectrum is crucial for the health and longevity of LiFePO4 batteries.

Final Thoughts

In this guide, we’ve explored some essential aspects of LiFePO4 batteries, including voltage characteristics, charging parameters, and their impact on performance. 

Understanding these elements is vital for optimizing the use of LiFePO4 batteries in various applications.

Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a curious enthusiast, mastering these concepts can significantly enhance your battery experience. 
For those seeking reliable and off-grid power solutions, explore EcoFlow’s range of Portable Power Stations. They offer advanced LiFePO4 battery technology and versatility, making them suitable for a wide range of needs.

EcoFlow is a portable power and renewable energy solutions company. Since its founding in 2017, EcoFlow has provided peace-of-mind power to customers in over 85 markets through its DELTA and RIVER product lines of portable power stations and eco-friendly accessories.

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